Tehran’s missile tests don’t violate nuclear deal, expert says

Tehran's missile tests don't violate the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA, aka nuclear deal), Dr. Ali Pishro, an expert in American and Canadian studies at the University of Birmingham, has told Trend.

He noted that Iran has put forward two arguments in explaining why its recent missile tests do not violate the 2015 nuclear deal.

According to the expert, the paragraph 3 of the annex to UN resolution 2231 states that Iran has been requested not to carry out any activities related to ballistic missiles designed to carry nuclear warheads, including rocket firing with the use of missile technology.

"Firstly, since Iran does not have nuclear weapons, it is clear that its missiles are not designed for this purpose," Pishro said.

He also noted that the second and strongest argument of Iran is that the wording "called upon" has been used in this clause of the resolution.

"This word is different from the terms like 'required' or 'demanded' which are used in the resolutions for obvious and explicit prohibitions," Pishro said.

Therefore, neither Iranchr("39")s missile tests nor the new US sanctions are in violation of the JCPOA, according to the expert.

Iran and the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council - the United States, Britain, France, China and Russia - plus Germany signed the JCPOA on July 14, 2015 and started implementing it on January 16, 2016.

The agreement puts limits on Iran's nuclear activities in exchange for, among other things, the removal of all nuclear-related bans against the Islamic Republic.